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We all think about Ferrari, Maserati, and Lamborghini when someone mentions ‘Italian supercar’, but there are many more car builders in Italy, like FV Frangivento, located in Turin, and they just introduced their latest creation, the FV Frangivento Sorpasso, and while the ‘base’ model is called the Stradale, they also have a GTXX model, and it’s this one that comes with an interesting option.
As a special customization option, you can opt for the FV Frangivento Sorpasso GTXX to come with your choice of numbers for the ‘XX’ in the name, so you could have it as GT40, or GT63, or whatever number you like, and that’s not even the best part … there is also Programma Sviluppo and Programma Ego, this will give you 30-day access to the stylists at FV Frangivento to actually design you very own Sorpasso Stradale or Sorpasso GTXX.
The car in these press renders is in fact the FV Frangivento Sorpasso Stradale, the more elegant supercar, in this case, finished in ‘Grigio Hermes’, the Sorpasso GTXX will come with a GT3 inspired, more aggressive design and boast two-tone paint finish, for the interior a combination of Alcantara and leather is possible, and FV Frangivento lists an optional Avatar Driving Assistant. Which should become an AI technology-based co-pilot or travel assistant.
The FV Frangivento Sorpasso comes with four-wheel drive and a V10 engine, while the Stradala makes do with 610 hp, the GTXX will get a supercharger installed to raise the power output to 850 hp, the latter will be able to reach 100 km/h from a standstill in 2.9 seconds and won’t run out of breath until her maximum speed of 345 km/h (215 Mph) is reached.
No pricing yet, but FV Frangivento already has orders in, and plans to have the first of their latest Sorpasso delivered to their clients by July …
April 4, 2021 / Comments Off on FV Frangivento Sorpasso
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Hispano Suiza and competition have gone hand in hand since its foundation in 1904. Back then, taking part in the most prestigious races not only gave the brand national and international visibility, but also allowed Hispano Suiza to learn about the behavior of its vehicles, when they were tested to the highest level of demand: it was vital to continue offering its customers increasingly powerful, reliable and, ultimately, better cars.
In its new stage, Hispano Suiza has maintained this philosophy. Both the Hispano Suiza Carmen, as well as its more powerful version, Carmen Boulogne – whose name honors its triumphs in the George Boillot Cup, in Boulogne, a century ago – have been designed by racing engineers, and their development carried out by professional racing drivers. Likewise, Hispano Suiza takes part in the new 100% electric SUV championship, Extreme E, an innovative concept that promotes values such as sustainability, equality, and electrification, and that will also provide the brand with valuable knowledge to be applied in future models.
A motto that defines the brand
“From Race to Road” is the motto that perfectly defines the philosophy of Hispano Suiza, the same one that has accompanied it since its foundation more than a century ago and that has forged its legend on circuits and roads around the world. The aim of the brand has always been to transmit through its new cars the passion for driving, high performance, luxury, craftsmanship, and ultimately, excellence on wheels.
When the historic Spanish manufacturer resurfaced in 2019, it did so together with its technological partner, Spanish engineering company QEV Technologies, bringing together a group of professionals with a wealth of experience in the main automotive championships all over the world. Hispano Suiza decided to return to the automotive world with Carmen, a hyper-luxury sports car, 100% electric. It needed that know-how to offer its customers a product that lives up to the brand’s legacy, with a design inspired by its own history, cutting-edge technology, dreamlike features, and unlimited customization possibilities that turned each car into a work of art on wheels.
Many of the technologies present in Carmen and Carmen Boulogne derive directly from Formula E, the first 100% electric racing championship where the members of Hispano Suiza’s technological partner achieved the first Drivers’ title in history, with the NEXTEV team and Brazilian driver Nelson Piquet Jr behind the wheel. Formula E has evolved enormously since that first 2014-2015 season, a period in which cars had to be replaced mid-race due to lack of autonomy, and during which they barely reached 270 hp of power. Now, the single-seaters are much more spectacular aesthetically, they complete the races without even having to stop to recharge the batteries, they exceed 340 hp and reach a top speed of 280 km/h, 55 km/h more than the previous generation.
Hispano Suiza has not only been a direct witness of this evolution but has also used this experience to build one of the most beautiful and innovative vehicles ever made in the world. Among the technologies derived from Formula E that are part of Carmen and Carmen Boulogne is its power train, with four permanent magnet synchronous motors, housed in its rear axle. The impressive torque of each engine is controlled through sophisticated vectoring systems developed in-house with experience gained in Formula E. From 0 to 6,500 rpm, the engines are capable of reaching a maximum of 1,160 Nm of torque, enabling breath-taking acceleration, from 0 to 100 km/h in less than 2.6 s, and seemingly endless power and traction.
The lithium-ion polymer battery has a capacity of 80 kWh that allows it to develop a homologated range of up to 400 km. Batteries are designed and produced in-house and include a complete temperature control system to ensure that the cells can operate optimally. They have a fast charge capacity of more than 80 kW DC, requiring only 30 minutes to charge 30-80% through a CCS2 fast charger.
The exterior is made of carbon fiber, a material that guarantees maximum resistance and lightness, and which began to be used in Formula 1 in the 80s. In total, the Hispano Suiza Carmen Boulogne weighs 1,630 kg, which together with its 1,114 hp of power, guarantees a magnificent power-to-weight ratio of 1.5 kg/hp. The suspension also comes from Formula E: it is optimized to guarantee the maximum possible lightness. It’s design and architecture are the meeting point between the asphalt and the driver. It preserves the Racing DNA, also guaranteeing reliability and safety.
Another important technological feature is the software, responsible for transmitting more than 1,000 hp of power to the wheels, and which has been developed – also based on experience gained in Formula E – so that any customer can get behind the wheel of a vehicle with these characteristics without being a professional driver. Through the software, different driving modes (Sport, ECO, and Comfort) can be selected to guarantee the best sensations and performance at the right time.
“We have tried to transfer our six years of experience in Formula E to a vehicle that is unrivaled,” says Joan Orús, CTO of Hispano Suiza. “It is not a car made to break records but to convey the passion for driving and, above all, to make everyone who climbs in it, fall completely and utterly in love. It is a vehicle designed to enjoy. Its more than 1,000 hp of power, located on the rear axle, ensure exceptional performance, and together with a magnificent exterior and interior design, unique and handcrafted, we achieve an innovative, beautiful, and at the same time comfortable vehicle ”.
“Thanks to this project we made a dream come true”, adds Orús. “We have been able to shape a sketch made on a blank sheet of paper. It is the dream of any automotive engineer: we have taken all the technology from Formula E and we have brought it to a road car. We have built a high-performance supercar and added details of pure luxury, hence our concept of hyperlux ”.
Luis Pérez-Sala, at the forefront of development
For the development of its vehicles, Hispano Suiza chose to have authentic racing drivers, who were used to pushing competition cars to the limit to discover where they can improve, continue to evolve, and who knows how to transmit the feedback of the vehicle to the engineers. as precisely as possible. During the development process of Carmen and Carmen Boulogne, the brand relied on the expertise of Luis Pérez-Sala, former Formula 1 driver and two-time Spanish Touring Car Champion, and Pablo Suárez, technical specialist in electric vehicles and racing driver.
Over the past year, Pérez-Sala and Suárez have travelled more than eight thousand kilometres on roads throughout Spain and on circuits such as Calafat, the Circuit de Barcelona Catalunya and even Le Mans. All this to achieve the best performance, reliability and thus be able to transmit to the driver of the Hispano Suiza Carmen the authentic sensations of a unique car born on the circuit, prepared and developed by professionals and racing drivers, and that, in addition, can be driven on the road.
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There is a fairly infamous saying about speeding, one that both highlights and makes light of the simple facts of physics: “Speed never killed anyone. It’s the sudden stop when you hit the tree that kills you.” Despite being a little bit of dark comedy, it’s also true. Speed has never killed anyone in and of itself.
That isn’t to say, however, that speed has no part to play in accidents that cause injuries or fatalities. Speed affects multiple parts of driving, each of which can be a contributing factor to the severity of any injuries or accidents.
This is especially true with performance cars, supercars, and now hypercars. These vehicles are capable of speeds that even 10 years ago were thought unreachable. The Bugatti Chiron 300, for example, is able to reach 300 MPH. The Koenigsegg Jesko 500 is another, designed to go over 500 KPH (310 MPH). We are getting to a time in automotive history where the cars are starting to be able to go at speeds that the common driver may not be able to control.
What Role Does Speed Play With Respect to the Severity of an Injury in an Auto Accident?
To first understand how speed can injure, we have to define exactly what speed does to a large piece of plastic and metal with a sentient watery sack of flesh inside of it. When you accelerate, you are combating inertia to obtain velocity. You and the vehicle move together, as you are supported by a full back seat, which pushes you at the rate of acceleration.
Now, when you’re going 30 MPH or so, you are covering 44 feet a second. In case that doesn’t sound that bad, take into account that the average American small car is only about 14 to 18 feet long. You are literally covering 2 to 3 car lengths per second, which is why during driver’s ed, the 2 second rule for following the car ahead of you is emphasized.
Now double that to 60 MPH. 88 feet per second. Now accelerate past the national limit and hit 90 MPH. 132 feet per second. It’s an exponential amount of inertia and distance covered that continues to build, and that speed is transferred into your body.
So what role does speed play in severity? Assume that you come around a bend and see traffic at a dead stop about 100 feet in front of you. At 30 MPH you can hit the brakes, engage the ABS system, and will more than likely be thrown forwards into your seatbelt but be able to stop in time. All you’ll get then is possibly a bruise, maybe a sore collarbone.
At 60 MPH, no matter how fast you react or how hard you brake, unless the brakes are carbon ceramic and the car is superlight carbon fiber, it’s almost inevitable that you will crash into the back of traffic. How much speed is dispersed before impact helps reduce the chance of injury, but if you hit at full speed, expect at least a facefull of airbag and possibly a concussion from your brain sloshing around, hitting the front of your skull from the sudden deceleration, and then smacking the back of your skull as you are recoiled into your seat.
Coming around that corner at 90 MPH is where things can get serious, even deadly. Since you are covering 100 feet in less than a second, probability states that your foot may not even be pressing the brake pedal yet. In this case, crumple zones, seat belts, and airbags can quite literally save your life, although the force of deceleration, countered with the force of the car crumpling until it’s reached its limit before transferring the deceleration to you, can easily be enough to snap bones. Collarbones are common with seatbelts, ankle and lower leg breaks are also common due to bracing or pushing against the brake pedal or floor.
The force of the crash can cause your brain to hit your skull so hard you are rendered unconscious, as well as your internal organs can be decelerated so violently that they can tear off their muscular and skeletal mount points, and even tear open vital blood vessels. If you manage to tear your aorta somehow, there is little to no chance of survival. Not to be dramatic, but the faster you go, and the more sudden the stop, the higher the chance of death or permanent injury is.
Are Some Cars More Likely to Result in Injury Than Others?
In a word, yes. The fact of the matter is that the shorter the car is, the smaller its energy dissipation via crumple zones is, and unless there is a safety cell and energy transfer design in the cabin area, the more force is transmitted to the driver.
In order of most to least severe, microcars like the Smart brand are the most likely to result in injuries, as there quite literally is no crumple zone, and the cars rely on energy dispersion around the vehicle to bleed off as much force as possible. Small four door hatchbacks and small family sedans are the next most severe, again because of the forces involved not having much area to disperse. Ford, GM, Fiat, BMW, and Porsche all have worked around this by making their cabins very strong and allowing the deceleration force to pass around the car, crumpling the roof and side panels, without affecting the actual cabin structure and safety cell.
Next most severe are actually CUVs and SUVs. This is not because of them not having a large crumple zone, but because they have a tendency to flip if they cannot dissipate their speed before the vehicle goes sideways. You will often find in crash videos where an SUV is struck in any way other than head on or tail on, the CUV/SUV will tip up on two wheels, and if there is enough inertia, roll over. These rollover accidents do not so much disperse the inertia as allow it to cycle about the vehicle, and as seats are often not bolstered or protected on their sides, the humans inside might fling about in their seatbelts, hitting their heads on door jambs, their arms potentially flying out an open window to be crushed by the vehicle as it rolls.
The least severe in terms of injury are heavy duty trucks, pickups, and large commercial vehicles. With these vehicles, it is mostly weight that reduces the chance of injury, as they are often several tons compared to a small sedan that might be 2,400 lbs in a generous world. Basically, it has way more inertia than whatever it hits, so unless it’s a solidly built brick wall, whatever it hits is going to take the brunt of the impact.
What Steps Can Someone Take to Reduce Their Risk of Serious Injury?
In all honesty, drive within your limits. Something else to consider is that, according to the injury lawyers at Batson Nolan, your insurance company may void your claim or fight to prevent payout if excessive speed is found to be a factor, even if you are ruled not at fault.
It is quite concerning how many accidents occur in our modern times from people being distracted from the road. Smartphones are the #1 distraction, with many fatal accidents being caused by texting, recording a video or taking a selfie, or simply speaking on the phone without using a hands-free device, which is basically unacceptable in 2021 as most cars in the past decade have some form of bluetooth hands-free connectivity. The better option is to put the phone in your pocket or center console, on silent mode, and have your voicemail recording say something along the lines of “Hey, I can’t come to the phone right now because I’m either busy or driving…”
Road rage is another contributing factor to accidents. It is far too common for someone to feel cut off, even if they were not, and to fly into a rage that causes them to speed up and chase down the “offender.” Sometimes, they are so angry that they want to physically hit the other person’s vehicle with their own, causing a motor vehicle accident where speeding could very well be involved. Honestly, before boiling, take a few deep breaths. By the time you’ve done that, you’ll probably have realized that the person that cut you off may not have seen you, and is it really worth potentially dying over?
As well, drive the speed limit. Speed limits are there for a purpose, not just a suggestion. On long, straight freeways, you’ll often find speed limits around 70 MPH. This is because you can see well ahead what’s happening on the road, and it is expected you’ll leave the 2 seconds between cars as taught in driver’s ed. Notice, however, that off-ramps from the freeway often have a speed limit way below 70 MPH. This is because unless you have the world’s stickiest tires, going around that bend at 70 MPH will result in you being flung off the road due to loss of traction.
And if you are going to do the speed limit, while it’s not effectively a law on the road, don’t take the left lane. Let those who want to speed risk themselves in the HOV or left lane. Stay safe in the middle or right lanes. The common guidance is “slower traffic keep right,” and with how impatient some American drivers get, driving the speed limit can sometimes be seen as driving slowly.
So, in sum: Don’t be distracted, focus on the job of driving above all else. Let go of rage, realize that the “offense” is really not worth being injured or killed over. Drive the speed limit, and let those that don’t risk themselves at their own peril in the left lane of the freeway. Always wear a seatbelt. Drive to survive, not to get there quickest.
And if you are lucky enough to own a supercar or hypercar, realize as well that while they are performance cars, you could damage or destroy that car by being too exuberant with your speed. They’re beautiful vehicles, drive responsibly and let yourself, and those around you, enjoy them as the rolling pieces of art they are.
April 2, 2021 / Comments Off on The Factor Speed Plays In Accident Injuries
Lawyers. They are either your best friend, or your worst enemy, depending on what type of attorney you need. There are as many different types of law as there are lawyers willing to work in those fields. So, we thought it would be a fun exercise to try and pick out the perfect supercar (or even hypercar!) for each type of lawyer.
This is in no way meant to be an authoritative list. As well, since a lawyer probably will read this, we are not liable, accountable, or responsible if you either a) disagree with our choices and b) actually end up buying one of these supercars and not liking it!
Car: 2018+ Bentley Continental GT W12
This lawyer is the one that understands the finer points of contracts, trades, intellectual property, and the risks associated with any inter- or intra-corporate negotiations. This lawyer is either part of a firm of partners, or is working in the legal department of the company in question.
So why is the Bentley Continental GT the perfect corporate lawyer supercar? Consider its looks for a moment. It’s smooth, slick, even a little understated. Yet hiding under that body is a twin-turbocharged W12 that produces 626 HP and 664 lb-ft of torque.
A corporate lawyer also usually wears a nice suit, can talk smoothly, and often looks unassuming. Yet their knowledge of corporate law, and the ways to attack those infringing on their client’s intellectual property or trying to pull a fast one on a contract, can be downright scarily powerful. A powerful car for a powerful lawyer.
Personal Injury Lawyer
Car: Lamborghini Urus
Personal injury lawyers are often the common layman’s best friend. When you are injured at no fault of your own, these are the attorneys that you retain to research your case, determine what, if any safety guidelines and OSHA laws have been infringed on or broken, and then take your case to a court of law to get you a proper settlement. They know everything about safety, what rules and laws need to be followed, and are fierce litigators.
So, why not give them a supercar that also knows all about being safe while also being fierce? The Lamborghini Urus is one of the few super-SUVs out there in the world with a perfect 5 star rating from the NHTSA and Euro NCAP safety tests. It has multiple driver aids to keep the SUV on the road, in a whole slew of conditions that the AWD system can adapt to.
And it’s fierce, with a low-mounted 4.0 liter twin-turbocharged V8 that bellows out 650 HP and 627 lb-ft of torque. It has active torque vectoring and four wheel steer when needed, and active roll stabilization to maximum comfort and surefootedness. The 8-speed semi automatic gearbox also actively senses the way the Urus is being driven, and sends signals to the torsen locking center differential to make sure that at all times, the Urus is safe.
Car: Koenigsegg One:1
Criminal lawyers are the ones that either defend or prosecute those charged with everything from local misdemeanors all the way through to felonies at the federal level. Their knowledge of the specific laws involved in the charges must often be quickly gained on a per-case basis, and their defense or prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the suspect awaiting trial is either guilty or not guilty. Despite how long criminal cases can take, it’s often a fast paced job, with attention needed to every word spoken by any witnesses or other lawyers to be able to seize any opportunities to object or call testimony into question.
This rapid fire, on demand knowledge needs a hypercar that is just as fast, just as able to seize opportunities to call that corner coming up into question. The ultimate expression of that in the past twenty or so years has to be the Koenigsegg One:1. For quite a few years, it was the most powerful hypercar in the world, and had a power plant capable of producing 1 megawatt of power.
That is the 1 part of the One:1. The One part of the name comes from the fact that the car has an equal weight to its HP. 1,360 kgs being powered by 1,360 HP. And that is the final power to weight ratio, as the third reason for the name. 1:1, or One:1. It is also insanely quick, able to sprint to from 0 to 400 KPH (249 MPH) in 20 seconds. A quick hypercar for a lawyer that needs to be equally quick in the courtroom.
Automobile/Motorcycle Accident Lawyer
Car: 2021 Type 992 Porsche 911 Turbo S
Auto accident lawyers are a special breed. They know local and federal insurance laws inside out, upside down, and front to back. They’re the ones that will fight the insurance companies tooth and nail to get you every penny you deserve. Often, insurance companies have a very sour taste in their mouths after you tell them that you are retaining an auto accident attorney and not accepting their quickly offered settlement.
One thing auto accident attorneys also know better than most are the supercars that are out there on the road, which are the ones you need to treat like fragile art and which ones that can be wrung out to within an inch of their specifications. The 2021 Type 992 Porsche 911 Turbo S is the latest and greatest of those durable, usable, and fast supercars that you don’t really need to wrap in bubble wrap whenever you want to go for a drive.
Consider: A reliable 3.8 liter boxer-six engine with two variable turbine geometry turbochargers that change their impeller pitch depending on demand from the right foot of the driver. 640 HP and 590 lb-ft of torque. All-wheel-drive, all the time. Active suspension. Active aerodynamics that won’t snap the first time you introduce them to wind. And it can clear speed bumps and entry/exit ramps because Porsche knows that the real world exists, and builds their cars to fight in the real world, not solely on the track.
Car: Ferrari 488 GTB
Immigration lawyers have the unenviable task of having to know immigration law, and all its sub-sections, intimately at all times. They need to be able to present cases before USCIS, the immigration board of appeals, and even immigration courts, often with very little preparation time and under immense time pressure. They really only have one chance, one swing at the bat, to win their cases, and in legal terms, are at the razor’s edge of litigation.
It would make sense, then, that an immigration lawyer would want their supercar to also be a razor’s edge weapon of performance and handling. The Ferrari 488 GTB is just that car, with a nearly telepathic steering wheel that combines with a drive mode switch to allow the driver to carve a perfect apex on the track while the rear end steps out just enough to make it fun.
It’s not the fastest, nor the most difficult to drive, nor the most legendary Ferrari. But with a 3.9 liter twin-turbo V8 singing Italian opera behind your head, 670 HP at your right foot’s command, and 560 lb-ft of torque to get you going, it is one of the most exciting Ferrari cars in many years. And if you turn the drive mode selector all the way to “off,” everything really is off, and it’s up to you to handle the fury and the razor sharp handling all on your own. And to come to US shores, the Ferrari also needs to immigrate, although it goes through an entirely different set of laws.
Car: 2015 Mercedes-AMG C63 S Estate
Estate lawyers have to deal with one of the few most unpleasant duties of life. Their entire job revolves around death and/or disability, and handling someone’s personal effects and affairs once that person has passed on. They also deal with both living wills and last wills, and may be instructed to pass a “do not resuscitate” order to a medical professional should someone request it in their living will. It is a heavy burden, but there are laws regarding the passing on of property, assets, and even businesses to descendants or named parties.
For someone with so much darkness to deal with, a comfortable, fun, powerful supercar with the ability to carry a lot of boxes in the back certainly makes the duty a bit more enjoyable. The 2015 Mercedes-AMG C 63 S Estate is just that car, and not because it has the word Estate in its name.
A reliable and bulletproof 4.0 liter twin-turbocharged V8 produces 510 HP and 516 lb-ft of torque. What makes it special, however, is that it handles corners beautifully and flat, and is, as expected from a Mercedes, incredibly comfortable. Folding down the rear seats, you can also fill it up with any number of boxes of files you may need. And it will get you to your clients with a NHTSA 5 star safety rating, ensuring that you don’t need your own estate lawyer!
Car: 2020 Corvette C8 Stingray
Bankruptcy lawyers deal with way more than just bankruptcy. Insolvency, personal and corporate bankruptcy, creditor and debtor litigation, contract disputes, consumer proposals to creditors… if it has to deal with money, these are the lawyers that handle it. While all bankruptcy lawyers need to be familiar with bankruptcy law, almost every single one also specialises in a derivative field, such as reparation law, or creditor/debtor litigation and dispute processes.
Seeing as these lawyers know the dangers of bankruptcy and insolvency, they also want to get the most supercar they can for their money. The 2020 Chevrolet Corvette C8 Stingray, as has been stated by almost every reviewer, is the bargain of a generation. Well equipped in 2LT spec, it won’t cost much over $75,000.
And by well equipped, we mean the carbon appearance package and the Z51 performance package. All versions of the Stingray (1LT, 2LT, 3LT) are powered by a 6.2 liter V8 that punches out near-as-makes-no-difference 500 HP. It will hit 60 MPH in 2.8 seconds using the available launch control. It is built strong, with a next generation dual clutch transmission that is damned near telepathic. It handles well, will corner hard, and produces a great American roar from the exhausts. And, as stated, it’s probably the least expensive, easiest to finance American supercar ever!
Car: McLaren 720S
Tax lawyers are a necessary evil, if you believe the adage of “only two things are certain in life: death and taxes.” What they are in reality are specialists in the field of tax law, which is surprisingly in-depth in the USA. These are the lawyers that will fight for you in relation to paying back taxes, stop your wages being garnished by the IRS, and even go to court to fight the IRS if you are being egregiously over-taxed or over-garnished by them. They deal a lot with over-the-top and sometimes unfair treatment of their clients, and can help settle things amicably with the IRS.
So for a lawyer that deals with over-the-top a lot, how about a bonkers over-the-top McLaren 720S? Coming out just a few years ago, these ridiculously fast cars come with a twin-turbocharged V8 that puts out 710 HP and a bucketload of torque in a carbon-fiber body and chassis that is shaped to pierce the air as efficiently as possible.
And to take over-the-top literally, the 720S stops with a ferocity few cars can match. As the air flows over the top of the car, it passes over a low spoiler that keeps the rear planted. When you engage the carbon-ceramic brakes, however, that spoiler flips up, becoming a massive air brake that does up to 30% of the total effort in slowing the car down. It also handles beautifully, and can accelerate faster than some hypercars. It really is the perfect car for the over-the-top lawyer!
Medical Malpractice Lawyer
Car: Pagani Huayra
While medical malpractice technically falls under personal injury, it is such a diverse and deep field that it has been splintered off into its own specialized section of law. More succinctly “medical malpractice and negligence law,” these lawyers are the ones that will pursue restitution and settlement if you become injured or disabled due to a doctor performing his or her duties incorrectly, or through negligence caused you medical difficulty or harm. These lawyers are often extremely specialized and may even be former doctors themselves.
In that case, why not have a hypercar that is just as specialized? The Pagani Huayra, from the insanely genius mind of Horatio Pagani, is a car that is dedicated to taking the laws of physics and manipulating them to make the car do the nearly impossible. No Italian hypercar, when it came out in 2011, cornered as hard, nor accelerated as brutally, as the Huayra did. Even today, it’s an exceptionally specialized car.
It is the first car to use carbo-tanium, a weave of carbon fiber with titanium threads interwoven. It means that less of the material was needed to make the car as strong as if it was pure carbon fiber. This resulted in a vehicle that weighs only 1.350 kg. Then throw a highly tuned, Mercedes-AMG M158 V12 twin-turbo in the back on a bespoke, sculpture-like engine mount, and make it dish out 750 HP and a barely believable 738 lb-ft of torque. And on top of all that, add four major active aerodynamic flaps to control the air passing over the body, and you have a car that is worth its multi-million dollar price, if for no other reason for being so incredibly specialized.
April 2, 2021 / Comments Off on Are You A Lawyer? We Pick The Supercar For You!
While driving, it is often left out of one’s thoughts that the only things giving you any turning ability and acceleration and braking are four small patches of vulcanized rubber that are in contact with the pavement beneath you. Yet, these four contact patches are quite literally what you are staking your life on. Traction, or the ability of these four contact patches to grip against the pavement, plays a huge role in controlling your vehicle.
There are many different types of tires out there. Racing cars on specialized tracks will use slick tires, with no grooves, to maximize their contact with the tarmac. On the road, you can get everything from “summer tires,” which are more rationally semi-slicks with some water displacing grooves, to full all-season tires, to off-road and mud/snow specialized tires.
What is important is that you know where you drive as well as you can, and make an informed decision on the best tires you can get.
How Rain Reduces Traction
You’ll have to pardon us, we’re going to do a little science talk here. A tire grips the road due to three specific forces acting upon it.
The first is gravity, which pulls the weight of the car down, through the suspension, into the tire. This is combated via pressurized air preventing the tire from literally being flattened by the weight. In terms of physics, at a full stop, this balance of air pressure resisting the weight of the car is called “normal force,” or more properly the overall weight the object is exerting on the ground, and is expressed as N in formulas.
The second force is inertia. When a tire spins, inertia acts upon the tread of the tire, increasing the diameter of the tire slightly. This inertia also transfers its force into the ground, pushing against the pavement that wants to resist it, and moving the car forward. This can be seen in quite dramatic fashion if you look at the rear tires of a top-fuel dragster.
These tires are normally quite squat, with extremely flexible sidewalls. When the driver lets all the power of the engine out through them, they expand their diameter to almost double the diameter while at rest, and become as narrow as the compound of the rubber allows, literally “Standing up” the tire so it gets maximum grip and acceleration.
The third force acting on the tire is friction, which is roughly the amount of resisting force a surface has, expressed in physics as “f.” This friction is what causes you to scrape your palm if you trip and fall on the sidewalk vs no scrapes on your palm if you trip and fall while skating on ice. Ice, by definition, has a much smoother surface than pavement, and doesn’t act as quickly on your skin.
There is an important equation that determines that, known as the coefficient of friction, expressed in physics as “µ.” This equation takes the normal force acting upon an object, and the friction of the surface it is pushing against, and comes up with a number between 0 and 1 that expresses that coefficient. General use pavement, for example, in a dry and clean condition, often is rated as having a coefficient of friction of around 0.7, which is quite grippy. Teflon, on the other hand, has the lowest coefficient of friction of any man-made substance at 0.05.
This is expressed in the formula: = fN
This diagram also expresses how all these forces interact:
With the understanding of these forces, namely normal force, rotational inertia, and friction and the relationship between the normal force and friction expressed as the coefficient of friction, we can finally start to delve into just how rain reduces traction.
Rain & Tires
On dry pavement, with a normal coefficient of friction of 0.7, your tires stick well to the road because the maximum amount of normal force, inertia, and friction are allowed to exist between all parts of the tire. However, when it rains, something happens to these forces.
Water, in sufficient amounts, acts as a lubricant. Effectively, what happens between the normal force and friction is that a new surface is introduced between the tire and the pavement. This new layer has a very low coefficient of friction, and while thin enough that the normal force can push down through it in a few milliseconds, it introduces enough of a lubricating force that the coefficient of friction drops.
This drop can be affected by the volume of rain falling and the amount of standing water on the pavement. Often, a heavy rain can drop the coefficient of friction to 0.4, or almost half of what it normally is on dry pavement.
The most dangerous situation is where there is enough standing water at enough of a depth to cause your tire to completely lose contact with the pavement, immediately dropping the coefficient of friction to 0.0. This is also known in general parlance as hydroplaning.
Tire Grooves & What They Do
If you went out to your car right now, you will see that your tires have two or three major grooves in the middle or offset to the interior side of the tire. You will also see multiple angular groves that almost make an arrow shape leading towards those central grooves. These are called, respectively, water displacement grooves and tire sipes.
What the central grooves do is quite literally in the name. With water on the road, these grooves are there for the water being acted upon by the normal force of the tire to have somewhere to go, or, in more scientific wording, they allow for the water under the tire to be displaced into an empty volume.
Sipes, on the other hand, are very interesting. There two types of sipes, known as hard sipes, or the grooves that are cut into the tire that are large enough to put your little finger into, and soft sipes, which you will see if you run your finger over a section of a mud & snow tire and see little gaps appear in the solid part of the tread.
These sipes are shaped so that the moment the leading edge of the tire contacts water, it first displaces that water into the groove of the sipe, and then, using rotational inertia, fling it towards the outer or inner edge of the tire until it departs from under the tread. Soft sipes can help by allowing the tread in contact with the pavement a little extra grip without needing to displace water.
Why You Need Good Quality Tires in Good Condition
With the sciency bit out of the way, let us now focus on what actually happens in the real world. Scott Kirk, auto accident lawyer at Brett McCandlis Brown & Conner, says that many of his clients are surprised by how little traction they have when they drive in the rain. This can be contributed to by a number of factors, the least of which is an important part of your tire, the tread depth.
Tires have a certain tread depth that, once reached, means the tire must be replaced. In the USA, this is federally mandated as being 2/32 of an inch, or 1.6mm if expressed in metric. Any tread that is lower than this is technically an illegal tire and can end up with you being fined for having it on your vehicle.
But the far more serious implication is that in rainfall, you will not have enough water displacement to effectively gain traction against the pavement. This, in the worst case scenario, means that you will not have any friction to work against your tires while braking, and even with ABS, you could lock your wheels and hydroplane into another car.
Another consideration regarding tires is that they need to be in good condition. Tires do have specific life cycles, even if they are not at the minimum tread depth. Things to watch out for here are sidewall rot, tread rot, and small bubbles appearing in the sidewall of your tire. If you see any or all of the three, your tires need to be replaced.
Something that helps massively in traction and keeping your tires healthy in the long run is something that also helps fuel efficiency and is the most often overlooked part of the tire. This is, surprisingly, correct tire inflation. Your tires should realistically be checked weekly for correct pressures, and air added or bled off to make sure that your tire is precisely on the recommended inflation in your vehicles owners manual and on the driver’s side car information sticker.
By following these simple steps, as well as leaving a little more space between vehicles in the rain, you can maximize your traction in the wet. But keep in mind, no matter what you do, physics can’t be beaten with happy thoughts. Leave space, brake progressively, accelerate progressively, and take corners at reasonable speeds, and you should be fine!
April 2, 2021 / Comments Off on How Much Does Rain Reduce Your Traction?
Unique hyper sports cars demand an extraordinary backdrop. The former monastery, Abbaye des Vaux de Cernay, lies at the heart of the forest of Rambouillet around 50 kilometers southwest of Paris. Parts of the complex were established in the 11th century as a Cistercian abbey. Nowadays it is one of the world’s most charming hotels – and thus the ideal place to highlight the Chiron Sport and Chiron Pur Sport to French passion.
“We are delighted to share, with an authentic simplicity, this passion that keeps us together”, explains Edouard Schumacher, CEO of Groupe Schumacher and LS Group. “La Maison Bugatti Paris has the purpose to create special experiences, that bring people to live the French Art de Vivre. The Chiron Sport and Pur Sport are extraordinary vehicles, with superlative performances, a real dream that links together all the automotive passions.”
Since its creation in 1947, the family Group has developed a representative network of roughly twenty automotive brands throughout France and has carried on the historical tradition and presence of sports cars brands in the Paris metropolitan region.
“For myself personally, it’s a particular pleasure to be part of this Bugatti Paris event and showcase the Chiron Sport and Chiron Pur Sport to our customers”, says Guy Caquelin, Regional Director Europe at Bugatti. “After long abstinence and merely digital presentations, aficionados of our brand finally have the chance here to test and experience the two hyper sports cars. Customers need to be able to see, drive and feel Bugatti vehicles so they can internalize their unique and special character.” The test drives in Paris have been the kick-off of a Bugatti Road Show for the Chiron Sport and Pur Sport in Europe.
The Chiron Sport, launched in 2018, refines the Chiron and relies on lightweight components and firmer running gear – for even more direct handling and impressive agility. With the Chiron Pur Sport Bugatti engineers developed a hyper sports car uncompromisingly geared towards lateral dynamics, boasting maximum agility, driving performance, and excellent handling. Ideal for fast cornering and appropriately matched with the 8.0-liter W16 engine generating 1,500 PS and 1,600-newton meters of torque. It propels the Chiron Pur Sport from 0 to 100 km/h in a mere 2.3 seconds and from 0 to 200 km/h in 5.9 seconds. The series-production version of the Chiron Pur Sport has been limited to 60 units and comes with a price tag of 3 million euros (net). Just like the Chiron Sport, the Chiron Pur Sport is being built in the Atelier in Molsheim in the Alsace region of France.
Paris site of historic significance to Bugatti
As a French luxury brand, Paris has always been a special place for Bugatti. Ettore Bugatti established the brand’s first showroom here in Avenue Montaigne almost 100 years ago. Even though the founder chose Molsheim as the company headquarters and production site in 1909, he frequently visited Paris, the center of the intellectual avant-garde. He spent pivotal parts of his professional and personal life here. Today Bugatti lives on in the spirit of Ettore Bugatti at the recently inaugurated, new showroom in Neuilly-sur-Seine – situated only 500 meters from where Ettore Bugatti spent his last days in 1947.
MG Motor UK Limited just published the first images for their upcoming MG Cyberster, a new concept for a sportscar that reminds us of the classic MG roadsters, the intention is to unveil this concept at the Shanghai Show later this month.
Developed by the team at the MG Advanced Design Centre in London, the MG Cyberster will be a 2-door, 2-seater sports car, featuring the classic-looking round MG headlights, together with a slim grille design, along with interactive ‘Magic Eye’ headlights that open when switched on. Another striking detail on the MG Cyberster Concept is a ‘laser belt’, an LED strip along, the side of the car and the outline of the door, which follows the direction of the LED strip.
The side profile MG Cyberster shows a distinctive two-stage shoulder line, together with a ‘kamm tail’ rear design, and LED taillights that clearly show MG’s British heritage by their design inspired by the UK flag, the Union Flag.
Carl Gotham, Director of SAIC Design Advanced London, said:
“The Cyberster is a bold statement that looks strongly into MG’s future, touching on our heritage but more importantly building on our cutting-edge technology and advanced design. Sports cars are the lifeblood of the MG DNA and Cyberster is a hugely exciting concept for us.”
The MG Cyberster will be an electric vehicle, with the new intelligent architecture MG intends to offer an EV range of up to 800km (500 miles) while acceleration figures from 0 to 100km/h time (0-62mph) will be below the three seconds mark. Detailed specifications will only be made public after the unveiling at the Shanghai Motor Show (April 21-28, 2021).
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U.K.-based race car builder Prodrive’s next project is a supercar described by founder and CEO David Richards as a “Ferrari of the desert.” Based on its BRX-T1 Dakar race rig, the vehicle will be powered by a Prodrive-modified Ford 3.5-liter twin-turbo V6. As with the rally raider, its design will be led by Ian Callum.
According to Autocar, the road car will likely be called the Hunter, and will hew closely to the Dakar-bred BRX-T1. However, it will feature a full interior and all the fixings to make it comfortable street car. It will also have, reportedly, a 500-horsepower version of the V6, which is more power than the 400 horsepower and 516 pound-feet of torque that the race car puts out. Power will be delivered through what Richards calls a “sophisticated transmission,” but he didn’t specify whether it’d be based on the six-speed sequential gearbox of the race car.
The race machine was built atop a steel tube-frame chassis draped in carbon fiber body panels. It’s not clear whether the road car will use a similar construction, but Callum, who has designed many beloved cars for Jaguar, Aston Martin, Ford and the BRX race car, will lend his hand to the body. The BRX-T1 definitely exhibits shades of the F-Type visible in the rear.
Richards told Autocar that the road car will be wider than the race car to accommodate bigger tires. In fact, having too-small tires was among the reasons Prodrive’s BRX-T1 Dakar racers didn’t have a better turnout in January. Nine-time WRC champion Sebastian Loeb logged a DNF because he kept getting punctures and eventually just ran out of tires. The other car, driven by Nani Roma, finished fifth overall. The team believes it has gained valuable experience that will help them log a better result next year.
The Hunter will likely cost £1 million ($1.83 million), but will stand in a class of its own. Richards told Autocar, “Imagine a road car capable of going across the sand dunes at 100mph – and keep doing it for 300 miles because the fuel tank is so big. It’s going to be quite exciting.”
April 1, 2021 / Comments Off on Prodrive to build $1.4 million street-legal rally raid supercar